July 27, 2014

ON TOUR: Biking along the Mozel River by Trier, Germany

Going on the east shore first then cross over by a bridge and then going on the west side of this big river in the beautiful Mosel Valley.
Typical landscape with an old bridge crossing the river in Trier.
Some days ago I presented some photos from one of the worlds largest car ferries - to day I crossed over Mozel south of the village Konz on what must be one the worlds smallest car ferrries. The trip took some 3 minutes to a priz of € 1,40.
A fine day on my tour with some 65km on the bike - meeting houndreds of other bikers on the long tour this great Sunday..

July 26, 2014

ON TOUR - a day in Trier, Mozel Valley, Germany

An early start from Stade made me arrive in the early afternoon, around 1.30 PM in Trier.
A warm day with some +26 and what a mass of tourists (like me) wading around.
Here we all meets by the old Porta Nigra - the black gate to Trier.
After the Romans it was the Christians turn to make some impressive buildings like the oversized Dom in Trier....
..and in the former Kaizer Palace park people are starting up their BBQ for an afternoon in the shades...

July 25, 2014

ON TOUR - biking along Elben, Germany in rain and thunder

From Stade outside of Hamburg I had planned to cross Elben and bike both east and west along the big river. Above 2 photos stitched some place outside the small village Blankenese.
A shuttle ferry takes me back to my side of the big river.
Even when shortening my original biking plan - I was catched in a thunderstorm app. 15km before I was back to my hotel.
Still at a day like this I could count up app. 62km on the bike - not that bad.
Hope to meet some better weather tomorrow when the tour continue to Trier in the Mosel Valley..

July 24, 2014

ON TOUR: An outstanding car ferry from Oslo to Kiel, Germany

There is 2 ferries each day between Oslo to Kiel in Germany. They depart each day at 2 PM to arrive next day at 10 AM - respectively in Oslo and Kiel.
I usually book a more ordinaire cabin but was this time upgraded, of unknown reasons, to a full suite.
What e car ferry - photo below from the living room of the suite:
....what a pleasure..
And after dinner entering the car ferrys theatre for a cowboy show:

Then - the day after continue through North of Germany to Stade -an old town west of Hamburg - visiting a town that was never bombed in WWII - even being a close neighboor to Hamburg.
Cobbled street in Stade

July 22, 2014

Norway - landscape along the big river Glomma

Norway - landscape along the big river Glomma

3 photos stitched.
The river Glomma on the upper side of the Hydroelectric Power Plant: Solbergfoss

WIKI: The Glomma is the longest and largest river in Norway. The 621-kilometre long river has a drainage basin that covers a full 13% of Norway's area, all in the southern part of Norway. 
Discharge: 720 m³/s
Length: 604 km
Basin area: 42,000 km²

July 20, 2014

Norway - landscapes along lake Tyin in Jotunheimen

Norway - landscapes: Along lake Tyin in Jotunheimen

We are biking along lake Tyin on our way to Eidsbugarden, a popular place in the mountain massif of Jotunheimen.
In the back the distinct peak of the mountain Falketinden.
WIKI: Falketind is a mountain in the municipality of Årdal in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. It is located in the Jotunheimen mountain range inside the Utladalen Landscape Protection Area. The mountain is 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) east of the old mountain farm, Vettismorki, and 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) northwest of the lake Tyin.

The 1820 ascent was the first ascent on an alpine mountain in Norway. A climbing party which included Baltazar Mathias Keilhau and Christian Peder Bianco Boeck went via Snøggeken (Falkbreen) and the northern ridge. At that time the mountain was named Koldedalstinden, but Aasmund Olavsson Vinje renamed the mountain Falketind more than fifty years later. In retrospect, the expedition leading to the first ascent became known as the "discovery of Jotunheimen" (Jotunheimens oppdagelse).

Another vista on our way along lake Tyin to the high peak of Store Skagedølstind in the mountain massif Hurrungene.
WIKI: Hurrungane is a mountain range in the municipalities Luster and Årdal in Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. The area is southwest in the larger mountain range Jotunheimen and is also part of Jotunheimen National Park. Wikipedia
Highest point: Store Skagastølstind:
Store Skagastølstind is the third highest peak in Norway. It is situated on the border between the municipality of Luster and Årdal in Sogn og Fjordane county, Norway. The 2,405-metre mountain is part of the Hurrungane range. Elevation: 2,405 m. First ascent: July 21, 1876

Far away we can see this small glacier: Koldedalsbreen.

From WiKI:Koldedalsbreen is a glacier in Årdal municipality in Sogn og Fjordane. It lies just west of the lake Tyin Koldedalstind between the north and the south Breidkvamsnosi. Just south of the glacier is a mountain with no name with a height of 1822 meters above sea level.

July 17, 2014

Norway - landscapes by Eidsbugarden in Jotunheimen

Norway - landscapes by Eidsbugarden in Jotunheimen

Eidsbugarden is a central meeting place for people hiking in the very popular mountain range Jotunheimen in Norway. This photo (a stitch of 2 photos) includes the road going down to the Lake Bygdin and Eidsbugarden with the hotel and the mountain cottage Fondsbu to the left. In the back some of the highest summits in Jotunheimen - several with an altitude over 2.000 meter.
Eidsbugarden is a tourist center which lies at the western end of Lake Bygdin in the Jotunheimen mountain range on the outskirts of Jotunheim National Park in Oppland, Norway. Eidsbugarden lies to the southeast in Jotunheim. (ref. wiki).

Vi have a break here at Eidsbugarden - sitting at Turistforeningens mountain cottage Fondsbu and looking down to the Eidsbugarden Hotel and the small quay for the tiny tourist Boat MB Bygdin that makes 2-3 tours a day between Bygdin and Eidsbugarden.

Follwing the shores of the lake Bygdin you can reach several popular hikes and paths into Jotunheimen.
As to the highest peak in the back of this photo mount Galdeberget at alt. 2075m (app. 8hrs T/R - did that hike some years ago....)

At this visit we was not in for any mountain hike - but did a visit with our bikes.
A tour app. 40km T/R along the road from Tyin and in to Eidsbugarden.
A fine day along the gravel road - only open in the summer.
To the left: The madam arrives at Eidsbugarden.

July 14, 2014

Norway - landscapes: Vangsmjøsa, lake Vangsmjoesa, Valdres

Perfect stillness a day in July where the big mountain Skudshorn is reflected in the lake.
We are on our way up to Tyin and Eidsbugarden in Jotunheimen for biking some 40km on the finr day.
These days is spent at our moutain house app 1 hr from this place where the photo is taken. With no wifi the updates will be sporadic as the mobile line available is quite expensive.

On this photo we can see the madam on her way to Eidsbugarden.

July 6, 2014

Last boxcar to Auschwitz Birkenau. Oswiecim, Krakow, Poland

Last boxcar to Auschwitz Birkenau.  Oswiecim, Krakow, Poland

In the photo one of the typical boxcars used to transport jews, gypsies and others through Europe right into the concentration-camp in Auschwitz Birkenau.

After sorting and selecting the new arrivals - the most unfortunate, elderly women and men, children under 14 years of age could be marched no more than 300 meters to their final shower - a dose of the deadly gaz Zyklon-B and the immediate cremation in the fires of Birkenau.

At the same place as the boxcar in the first photo.
70 years ago the first selection is done - dividing men and women and children in two rows
The next step is to sort out who will go in to the camp and who will be taken the 300 meters to their final shower in nerve gas Zyklon B.

The road from the box car and down to the "showers" and crematorium is only some 300 tragic meters.
The buildings  was demolished after the war - the memorial place is just down by the trees there
Remains of one of the huge Shower and crematorie complexes in Birkenau

From the net:
Location: Oswiecim, Poland (app. 50 km west of Krakow)
Established: May 26th1940
Liberation: January 27th, 1945, by the Soviet Army.
Estimated number of victims: 2,1 to 2,5 million (This estimated number of death is considered by historians as a strict minimum. The real number of death is unknown but probably much higher, maybe 4 millions)
Sub-camps : 51 

The Auschwitz complex was divided in three major camps: Auschwitz I main camp or Stammlager; Auschwitz II, or Birkenau, established on October 8th, 1941 as a 'Vernichtungslager' (extermination camp); Auschwitz III or Monowitz, established on May 31th, 1942 as an 'Arbeitslager' or work camp; also several sub-camps.

There were up to seven gas chambers using Zyklon-B poison gas and three crematoria. Auschwitz II included a camp for new arrivals and those to be sent on to labor elsewhere; a Gypsy camp; a family camp; a camp for holding and sorting plundered goods and a women's camp. Auschwitz III provided slave labor for a major industrial plant run by I G Farben for producing synthetic rubber (see Blechhammer). Highest number of inmates, including sub-camps: 155,000. The estimated number of deaths: 2.1 to 2.5 million killed in gas chambers, of whom about 2 million were Jews, and Poles, Gypsies and Soviet POWs. About 330,000 deaths from other causes.

In April 1940, Rudolph Höss, who become the first commandant, identified the Silesian town of Oswiecim as a possible site for a concentration camp. The function of the camp was initially to intimidate Poles and prevent resistance to German rule. It was also perceived as a cornerstone of the policy to re-colonize Upper Silesia, which had once been a German region, with 'pure Aryans'. On April 27th, Himmler ordered construction of the camp.

Himmler visited Auschwitz in March 1941 and commanded its enlargement to hold 30,000 prisoners. Himmler also ordered the construction of a second camp for 100,000 inmates on the site of the village of Brzezinka (Birkenau), roughly 4 km from the main camp. This massive camp was intended to be filled with captured Russian POWs who would provide the slave labor to build the SS 'utopia' in Upper Silesia. The chemical giant I G Farben expressed an interest in utilizing this labor force, too. Extensive construction work began in October 1941, under terrible conditions and with massive loss of life. About 10,000 Russian POWs died in the process.

The Death Factory... (1945)
The main camp population grew from 18,000 in December 1942 to 30,000 in March 1943. In July or August 1941, Himmler briefed Höss about the 'Final Solution'. On September 3th, 1941, Soviet POWs at the Auschwitz main camp were used in trials of the poison gas Zyklon-B. This poison gas was produced by the German company "Degesch" (Deutsche Gesellschaft zur Schädlingsbekämpfung). The were gassed in underground cells in Block 11. After this trial, a gas chamber was rigged-up just outside the main camp and in February 1942, two temporary gas chambers opened at Birkenau. The crematories were built by the German company "Topf & son" located at Erfurt.

...a system operated later at Birkenau in 1942-43, except that for the majority the 'showers' proved to be gas chambers. Only about 10 percent of Jewish transports were registered, disinfected, shaven and showered in the 'central sauna' before being assigned barracks. In May 1944, a spur line was built right into the camp to accelerate and simplify the handling of the tens of thousands of Hungarian and other Jews deported in the spring and summer of 1944.


The fine boutique hotel and B&B - Crakowdays 
within a short walk from the main square in Krakow